What are the basics of fistula surgery?

Several conditions and surgeries can end up with fistulas. They are relatively common, but they can cause severe complications. In addition to affecting a person’s health, fistulas can have an adverse effect on their well-being. Medications and antibiotics can sometimes be used to treat fistulas through anal fistula surgery in Singapore. If these options don’t work, surgery can be performed.

Fistulas form when two organs or vessels inside the body form an abnormal tube-like connection through anal fistula surgery in Singapore. Infections and inflammations can lead to fistulas, which are usually formed after injury or surgery. There are several kinds of fistulas, including:

Fistulas forming between the anal and perianal regions include:

  • Canals and openings of the anal cavity
  • The rectum or anus and the vagina
  • Colon and vagina

Fistulas forming between the urinary tract and the bladder:

  • Urinary bladders and uteruses
  • Vagina and bladder
  • Urine and vaginal canals

Fistulas between the stomach and intestines, which are formed between:

  • A part of the intestine and a part of the stomach
  • An organ of the digestive system and a part of the skin
  • One or more parts of the intestine and other body organs

There may be an aortoenteric fistula between the native aorta and a prosthetic aortic graft or between the native aorta and the duodenum or jejunum. There is no outpatient treatment available for most of the fistulas listed above, but emergency surgery is required for aortoenteric fistulas.

If a fistula is located in a different part of the body, people will experience different symptoms. Fistulas of the anal cavity are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Around the anus, there is irritation of the skin
  • Pain that throbs
  • Near the anus, there is an unpleasant-smelling discharge
  • A bowel movement that passes blood
  • The anus is swollen and red
  • When an abscess is present, a high temperature is present
  • Constipation is difficult to control


Fistulas of the urinary tract can cause the following symptoms:

  • Inflammation of the abdomen
  • Vulval irritation
  • A discharge or leak of urine from the vaginal area
  • Vaginal discharge or gas that smells unpleasant
  • Vaginal feces leakage
  • A frequent infection of the urinary tract